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Abram is commanded to be perfect—He will be a father of many nations—His name is changed to Abraham—The Lord covenants to be a God unto Abraham and his seed forever—Also, the Lord gives Abraham the land of Canaan for an everlasting possession—Circumcision becomes a token of the everlasting covenant between God and Abraham—Sarai’s name is changed to Sarah—She will bear Isaac, with whom the Lord will establish His covenant—Abraham and the men of his house are circumcised.
1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
And said into him
I am the Almighty God
Walk before me
And be thou perfect
First time that God just appears. And announced who he was. What dose he mean walk before me? And another commandment be thou perfect. What perfection does Lord want us to be in an imperfect state? Or did the Lord mean in worship?
99 be thou perfect walk before me!
Walk before me , also has another meaning that’s lost in time.
2 And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
Make a covenant frist one ever made. And will multiply thee exceedingly.
3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,
Fell on his face why? Fear?
God talked with him saying
4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
Father of many Nations. Where do the Chinese, Korean, Japanese, others tie into all of this?
Father of many Nations
5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
Name changed to Abraham many Nations
Abram = 5 Abraham = 7
6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.
And Kings shall come out of thee…. So Lord also approved of Kings to rule over people. Or maybe Lord is just saying that Kings will come out of his children?
7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
What is meant by and everlasting covenant? Must mean in a spiritual sense. Meaning life after death. Or it must mean man does travel to other planets?
8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
I will be their God
9 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.
10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.
Every Man child
Why such a horrible thing to do to people. Cut off your foreskin of you penis, ouch. This would put a mark on all of Abrahams people. Why such drastic measures. Why now and not with Adam?
Circumcised why did Lord have this done ?
11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.
Circumcised 2 for the covenant between Abraham and God
12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
8 days old born or bought with money which is not of they seed slavery. Why circumcised slaves?
13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
So people bought with money ! Slavery?
14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.
foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant. Soul shall be cut off, you mean spiritually cut off not physically removed?
15 ¶ And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.
Name changed on wife too why? Sarai to Sarah = 5 + 5 = 10
16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.
Give the a son from her.
17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?
Bear a child
Fell on his face and laughed
18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!
19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.
Call him Isaac. Why that name?
Isaac = 5
20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
Ishmael = 7
Him a great Nation
21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.
22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.
God went up from Abraham. Up where?
23 ¶ And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
Did it the same day.
24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.
27 And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.
All bought with money were circumcised