The First Book of Moses Genesis chapter 18

Chapter 18

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Abraham entertains three holy men—They promise that Sarah will have a son—Abraham will command his children to be just—The Lord appears to him—They discuss the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

1 And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Lord comes to visit heat of the day.

2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

Three 3 men stood by the Lord. Bowed himself toward the ground. But not on his knees . Who where these 3 men ? Lord has always came alone with Adam. Why the 3 men now? We’re they angels? Or just other men from earth?

3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

My Lord favour in they sight pass not away, servant  So does this indicate that the Lord visits others ?

4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

Water, Wash your feet and rest under a tree. Is not the Lord’s feet clean already if he just can from heaven? And the men with him?

5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

Bread,  servant

So water to wash their feet rest under a tree and find some bread to eat

Bread to eat , does The Lord really need to eat ? Bread

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth. Definite hearth

Full Definition

  • 1a : a brick, stone, or concrete area in front of a fireplaceb : the floor of a fireplace;

Had fine meal ? Corn or flour? I think flour. I always thought that they had clay ovens and put wood underneath the clay area and cooked on top of the clay area. I guess not. Just next to the fire.

7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

Abraham = 7 So got a young calf tender and good so maybe Veal, which I have had and it is tender. And a different taste than beef. Dress it means :
: to prepare for use or service; specifically : to prepare for cooking or for the table 

8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

So the Lord and his three 3 men did eat meat milk bread. Interesting. How can the Lord eat food from this world? Amazing that the Lord can eat talk visit with Abraham and the 3 other guys without any harm coming to anyone, no mentioned of Abraham glowing after wards etc. How did Abraham recognize the Lord? How could he discern that it was the Lord?

9 ¶ And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent.

10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.

11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.

12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

So Sarah laughed within herself

13 And the Lord said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?

So here the Lord could read her mind! Read her thoughts! Interesting!

14 Is any thing too hard for the Lord? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid. And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh.

She denied she laughed, a lie to the Lord. She was afraid.

16 ¶ And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

So here in this scripture they look towards Sodom so the Lord does travel around. What about today?

17 And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;

No sure what this scripture means. What does the Lord said Shall I hide from Abraham ? Maybe this scripture is in the wrong place and in the beginning the Lord was going to hide it from him?

18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?

19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.

Keep the way of the Lord do justice and judgement interesting do justice and judgement. I think that’s the first time it’s been written about.

20 And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

So Lord wanted to bring Justice and judgement to Sodom and Gomorrah their sin very grievance

21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know.

Someone said I will go down? Who is that? The Lord or someone else? Going down from where?

22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the Lord.

23 ¶ And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

Excellent question, will you destroy the righteous with the wicked?

24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?


25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

26 And the Lord said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.


27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes:

28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.


29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for forty’s sake.


30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.


31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty’s sake.


32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten’s sake.


33 And the Lord went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.


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